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  • Leon Teming-Amoako

Navigating the Maze of Illegal Interview Questions in the UK

Job interviews are crucial steps in the hiring process, allowing employers to assess a candidate's suitability for a role. While employers may ask a wide range of questions to determine a candidate's skills and experience, there are strict regulations in the UK that govern what is considered legal and illegal during an interview. These laws are designed to protect job seekers from discrimination and ensure fair employment practices. In this article, we will explore the concept of illegal interview questions in the UK and how both employers and candidates can navigate this delicate issue.

Understanding Illegal Interview Questions

Illegal interview questions are those that inquire about personal information that is unrelated to the job requirements and qualifications. Such questions can inadvertently lead to discrimination based on factors like age, gender, ethnicity, religion, marital status, disability, sexual orientation, and other protected characteristics. These questions are prohibited under the Equality Act 2010, which aims to ensure equal treatment and opportunities for all candidates in the job market.

Examples of Illegal Interview Questions

  1. Age: Employers cannot directly or indirectly inquire about a candidate's age, date of birth, or any questions related to age unless it is a legal requirement for the job (e.g., minimum age for selling alcohol).

  2. Marital or Family Status: Questions about marital status, family planning, or childcare arrangements are off-limits as they can lead to gender-based discrimination.

  3. Health and Disability: Employers cannot ask about a candidate's health or disabilities during the interview. However, they can ask about specific abilities relevant to the job, ensuring that candidates can perform essential tasks.

  4. Religion and Beliefs: Questions about religious beliefs or practices are not allowed. Employers should focus on assessing a candidate's ability to perform the job duties.

  5. Race and Ethnicity: Queries about a candidate's race, ethnicity, or nationality are strictly prohibited, as they can lead to racial discrimination.

  6. Sexual Orientation: Employers must not ask candidates about their sexual orientation or any questions related to their personal relationships.

Navigating the Interview Process for Employers

For employers, it is essential to conduct interviews that are fair, transparent, and in compliance with the law. Here are some tips to ensure you stay on the right side of legality:

  1. Focus on Job-Related Questions: Tailor your questions to assess a candidate's skills, qualifications, experience, and ability to perform the job effectively.

  2. Avoid Assumptions: Do not make assumptions about a candidate based on their appearance, name, or any other personal characteristic.

  3. Train Interviewers: Educate your interviewers about the legal restrictions on interview questions and provide them with guidance on appropriate interview techniques.

  4. Standardize the Process: Develop a set of structured interview questions that are consistent for all candidates applying for the same role.

Navigating the Interview Process for Candidates

Candidates must know their rights and be prepared to handle potentially inappropriate questions. Here's how candidates can navigate the interview process:

  1. Know Your Rights: Familiarize yourself with the laws regarding illegal interview questions to recognize when a question crosses the line.

  2. Respond Diplomatically: If faced with an inappropriate question, try to answer diplomatically without disclosing sensitive information. Alternatively, you can politely decline to answer.

  3. Focus on Your Skills: Redirect the conversation back to your qualifications and relevant experiences.

  4. Report Discrimination: If you feel you have been subjected to illegal interview questions or discriminatory practices, you have the right to report the incident to the appropriate authorities.


In the UK, understanding and adhering to the regulations surrounding illegal interview questions is essential for both employers and job seekers. Employers must be cautious in crafting interview questions, ensuring they remain focused on a candidate's abilities and qualifications.

Candidates, on the other hand, should be prepared to respond appropriately if faced with illegal inquiries. By promoting fair hiring practices, we can create a more inclusive job market that respects the rights and dignity of all individuals.

We can help you streamline your hiring process!

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